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iptables (41) Versions 4.0.1

Installs the iptables daemon and provides resources for managing rules

cookbook 'iptables', '= 4.0.1', :supermarket
cookbook 'iptables', '= 4.0.1'
knife supermarket install iptables
knife supermarket download iptables
Quality 100%

iptables Cookbook

Build Status Cookbook Version

Installs iptables and provides a custom resource for adding and removing iptables rules



  • Ubuntu/Debian
  • RHEL/CentOS and derivatives


  • Chef 12.10+


  • none



The default recipe will install iptables and provides a ruby script (installed in /usr/sbin/rebuild-iptables) to manage rebuilding firewall rules from files dropped off in /etc/iptables.d.


The disabled recipe will install iptables, disable the iptables service (on RHEL platforms), and delete the rules directory /etc/iptables.d.


default['iptables']['iptables_sysconfig'] and default['iptables']['ip6tables_sysconfig'] are hashes that are used to template /etc/sysconfig/iptables-config and /etc/sysconfig/ip6tables-config. The keys must be upper case and any key / value pair included will be added to the config file.

default['iptables']['system_ruby'] allows users to override the system ruby path if ruby is installed into a non standard location and Chef has been installed without an embedded ruby (eg. from the Gem).

Custom Resource


The custom resource drops off a template in /etc/iptables.d after the name parameter. The rule will get added to the local system firewall through notifying the rebuild-iptables script. See Examples below.

NOTE: In the 1.0 release of this cookbook the iptables_rule definition was converted to a custom resource. This changes the behavior of disabling iptables rules. Previously a rule could be disabled by specifying enable false. You must now specify action :disable


Add recipe[iptables] to your runlist to ensure iptables is installed / running and to ensure that the rebuild-iptables script is on the system. Then create use iptables_rule to add individual rules. See Examples.

Since certain chains can be used with multiple tables (e.g., PREROUTING), you might have to include the name of the table explicitly (i.e., *nat, *mangle, etc.), so that the /usr/sbin/rebuild-iptables script can infer how to assemble final ruleset file that is going to be loaded. Please note, that unless specified otherwise, rules will be added under the filter table by default.


To enable port 80, e.g. in an my_httpd cookbook, create the following template:

# Port 80 for http
-A FWR -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

This template would be located at: my_httpd/templates/default/http.erb. Then within your recipe call:

iptables_rule 'http' do
  action :enable

To redirect port 80 to local port 8080, e.g., in the aforementioned my_httpd cookbook, create the following template:

# Redirect anything on eth0 coming to port 80 to local port 8080
-A PREROUTING -i eth0 -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-port 8080

Please note, that we explicitly add name of the table (being *nat in this example above) where the rules should be added.

This would most likely go in the cookbook, my_httpd/templates/default/http_8080.erb. Then to use it in recipe[httpd]:

iptables_rule 'http_8080' do
  action :enable

To create a rule without using a template resource use the lines property:

iptables_rule 'http_8080' do
  lines '-A PREROUTING -i eth0 -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-port 8080'

To get attribute-driven rules you can (for example) feed a hash of attributes into named iptables.d files like this:

node.default['iptables']['http_80'] = '-A FWR -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT'
node.default['iptables']['http_443'] = [
  '# an example with multiple lines',
  '-A FWR -p tcp -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT',

node['iptables'].map do |rule_name, rule_body|
  iptables_rule rule_name do
    lines [ rule_body ].flatten.join("\n")

Chefspec Matchers

  • enable_iptables_rule(resource_name)
  • disable_iptables_rule(resource_name)

License & Authors

Author: Cookbook Engineering Team (

Copyright: 2008-2016, Chef Software, Inc.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

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This cookbook has no specified dependencies.

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iptables Cookbook CHANGELOG

This file is used to list changes made in each version of the iptables cookbook.

4.0.1 (2017-03-29)

  • Update metadata to require Chef 12.10+ due to use of with_run_context

4.0.0 (2017-02-27)

  • Remove EOL platforms from testing
  • Require Chef 12.5 and remove compat_resource dependency

3.1.0 (2017-01-16)

  • Update readme to include new attribute
  • Check subcmd exit codes in rebuild-iptables script
  • fixed iptables disabled recipe to flush iptables after disabling the service

3.0.1 (2016-10-10)

  • Fix rules resource so rebuild-iptables only runs once
  • Add tests for nested resources
  • Add system ruby attribute so that it can be overridden

3.0.0 (2016-09-16)

  • Remove kitchen cloud config
  • Fix default specs to work properly on RHEL and other general spec cleanup
  • Simplify testing and fix failing tests on RHEL
  • allow using a file provider instead of a template
  • rename 'content' to 'lines' and add documentation
  • make the attributes example a bit more useful
  • using iptables-restore logic for rhel - same as debian
  • copy new config to default location in case of iptables restart
  • refactored rebuild-iptables script
  • Update supported os
  • Use compat_resource to restore Chef 12.1 - 12.4 compatibility

v2.2.0 (2016-02-17)

  • Remove the dependency on compat_resource cookbook. This fixes RHEL systems, but increases the required Chef version to 12.5 or later

v2.1.1 (2016-01-26)

  • Fixed failures on RHEL in the disabled recipe

v2.1.0 (2016-01-25)

  • Improved compatbility with Fedora
  • Added management of the iptables sysconfig files using 2 new attributes. See the readme for more information

v2.0.2 (2016-01-15)

  • Fixed rules not being rebuilt when using the disable action in the custom resource

v2.0.1 (2015-11-16)

  • Added Chefspec matchers

v2.0.0 (2015-10-21)

  • Migrated LWRP to Chef 12.5 custom resources format with backwards compatibility provided via compat_resource cookbook to 12.X family
  • Added Start / enable of iptables service in the default recipe when on RHEL based systems and the management of /etc/sysconfig/iptables so the service can start
  • Added removal of /etc/iptables.d/ to the disabled recipe to allow for reenabling later on
  • Modified the iptables service disable in the disable recipe to only run when on RHEL based systems
  • Expanded the serverspec tests and test kitchen suites to better test rules custom resource and disable recipe

v1.1.0 (2015-10-05)

  • Fixed metadata description of the default recipe
  • Added Kitchen CI config
  • Added Chefspec unit tests
  • Updated to our standard Rubocop config and resolve all warnings
  • Added Travis CI config for lint / unit testing on Ruby 2/2.1/2.2
  • Updated Contributing and Testing docs
  • Added a maintainers doc
  • Added a Gemfile with development and testing dependencies
  • Added cookbook version and Travis CI badges to the readme
  • Clarified in the readme that the minimum supported Chef release is 11.0
  • Added a Rakefile easier testing
  • Added a chefignore file to limit files that are uploaded to the Chef server
  • Update to modern notification format to resolve Foodcritic warnings
  • Added source_url and issues_url to the metadata for Supermarket
  • Removed pre-Ruby 1.9 hash rockets

v1.0.0 (2015-04-29)

NOTE: This release includes breaking changes to the behavior of this cookbook. The iptables_rule definition was converted to a LWRP. This changes the behavior of disabling iptables rules. Previously a rule could be disabled by specifying enable false. You must now specify action :disable. Additionally the cookbook no longer installs the out of the box iptables rules. These were rules made assumptions about the operating environment and should not have been installed out of the box. This makes this recipe a library cookbook that can be better wrapped to meet the needs or your particular environment.
- Definition converted to a LWRP to providing why-run support and
- The out of the box iptables rules are no longer installed. If you need these rules you'll need to wrap the cookbook and use the LWRP to define these same rules.
- Removed all references to the roadmap and deprecation of the cookbook. It's not going anywhere any time soon
- Use platform_family to better support Debian derivatives
- Converted file / directory modes to strings to preserve the leading 0
- Added additional RHEL derivitive distributions to the metadata
- Expanded excluded files in the gitignore and chefignore files
- Included the latest contributing documentation to match the current process

v0.14.1 (2015-01-01)

  • Fixing File.exists is deprecated for File.exist

v0.14.0 (2014-08-31)

  • [#14] Adds basic testing suite including Berksfile
  • [#14] Adds basic integration/post-converge tests
  • [#14] Adds default prefix and postfix rules to disalow traffic

v0.13.2 (2014-04-09)

  • [COOK-4496] Added Amazon Linux support

v0.13.0 (2014-03-19)

  • [COOK-3927] Substitute Perl version of rebuild-iptables with Ruby version

v0.12.2 (2014-03-18)

  • [COOK-4411] - Add newling to iptables.snat


  • [COOK-2213] - iptables disabled recipe


  • [COOK-1883] - add perl package so rebuild script works


  • [COOK-641] - be able to save output on rhel-family
  • [COOK-655] - use a template from other cookbooks


  • Current public release.

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